Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.



Accountability in WASH: Explaining the Concept

Jimenez, A., Kjellen, M., Deunff, L.
UNICEF; UNDP; Water Governance Facility; SIWI
Sep. 2014

Universal access to WASH is inhibited by lack of sustainability in most programs/projects. Poor governance, lack of accountability, and corruption exacerbates the problem, and more focus should be put on accountability and enhanced governance to improve the systems.

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Assessing the Impact of Drinking Water and Sanitation on Diarrhoeal Disease in Low- and Middle-Income Settings: Systematic Review and Meta-Regression

Wolf et al.
Tropical Medicine and International Health
Aug. 2014

Results show there are notable differences in illness reduction according to the type of improved water and sanitation implemented. Evidence from well-conducted intervention studies assessing exclusive use of adequate access and supply of safe water is still very limited.

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Burden of Disease from Inadequate Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Low- and Middle-Income Settings: A Retrospective Analysis of Data from 145 Countries

Prüss-Üstün et al.
Tropical Medicine and International Health
Aug. 2014

This study confırms the importance of improving water and sanitation in low- and middle-income settings for the prevention of diarrhoeal disease burden, and underscores the need for better data on exposure and risk reductions that can be achieved with provision of reliable piped water. 

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Comparison and Cost Analysis of Drinking Water Quality Monitoring Requirements versus Practice in Seven Developing Countries

Crocker, J., and Bartram, J.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jul. 2014

This is the first study to look quantitatively at water quality monitoring practices in multiple developing countries. There is potential for substantive optimization of monitoring programs with field-based testing and by fundamentally reconsidering monitoring approaches for non-piped supplies. 

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A Comparative Study of Fluoride and Other Water Quality Parameters of Borewell Water of Nalgonda Town of Telangana, India

Garimella, S., Merugu, R.
International Journal of Water Research
Jul. 2014

Several borewells in Nalgonda Town in India were tested for levels of fluoride, chlorine, nitrate, nitrites, ammonium, total dissolved salts, and total hardness. Results show that most of these borewells have more than acceptable levels of these contaminants.

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Private Capital as a Public Good: How Smart Federal Policy Can Galvanize Impact Investing - and Why It's Urgent

US National Advisory Board on Impact Investing
Jun. 2014

Massive scale in impact investing will require more intentional and proactive partnership between government and the private sector. This report highlights strategies for partnership to unleash new capital, talent, and energy for social, economic, and environmental good.

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How to Spend a Penny: 10 Lessons from Funding Market-Based Approaches in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Stone Family Foundation
Jun. 2014

The Stone Family Foundation focuses its funding on innovative and entrepreneurial initiatives that have the potential to offer long-term, sustainable solutions. Here, the Foundation highlights ten lessons learned since its inception in 2010. 

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Water on an Urban Planet: Urbanization and the Reach of Urban Water Infrastructure

McDonald, R., et al.
Global Enviornmental Change
Apr. 2014

The first global survey of the large cities’ water sources shows that previous global hydrologic models that ignored urban water infrastructure significantly overestimated urban water stress. However,  one in four cities remain water stressed due to geographical and financial limitations.

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Accessing Water for Domestic Use: The Challenges Faced in the GA West Municipality, Ghana

Adjakloe, Y.
International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research; Vol 2, Issue 2, 78-91
Apr. 2014

This paper looks at the challenges to water access in the Ga West Municipality located in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. The results show the major challenges are distance from home to water source, expensive cost of water, and the mode of transportation.

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Beyond the Pipe: Pathway to Local Sustainability

Safe Water Network
Mar. 2014

This note presents an overview of Safe Water Network's conclusions to date on local ownership and management of community water systems. Topics include clustering of water stations for shared oversight and support systems; public-private partnerships; financing solutions; and system technologies.  

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