This Resource Center curates the growing number of publications and resources that highlight the effectiveness of small water enterprises. This is a step toward building a community of practice that harnesses the know-how, market knowledge, and resources needed to improve and scale small water enterprises globally. We value the sharing of information, and invite you to e-mail us with any materials you believe will be helpful to others.
The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale
Dalberg Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.
Framework for Assessing and Monitoring Rural and Small Town Water Supply Services in Ghana
Community Water and Sanitation Agency
National Community Water and Sanitation Programme
This document presents a list of indicators developed to monitor and evaluate rural and small town water supply service levels, functionality, and performance in Ghana. It also provides the data that needs to be collected in order to assess the indicators.
Towards a Sustainable Allocation of Potable Water in Ghana: Evidence from Kumasi
International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, Vol 2, 1-10
With growing population and urbanization, there is a lot of time and productivity lost due to time-consuming, labor-intensive, and counter-productive methods to collect water. An efficient water distribution system will reduce time wasted and thus have immense economic and social benefits.
Factors Contributing to Child Mortality Reductions in 142 Low- and Middle-Income Countries between 1990 and 2010
Bishai et al.
Population Association of America
Since 1990, child mortality has declined by 41% worldwide, due primarily to changes in levels of health determinants, more than changes in their efficacy or impact. The rise in access to clean water accounted for about 15% of observed child mortality decline.
This sales and marketing case study published in the Harvard Business Review considers Safe Water Network's efforts in Nizampally, India to: customize demand-driven solutions for the specific water-related issues of the region; gain support from prominent Indian and international companies; and ensure economic sustainability, which required active local participation and ownership. Note: document must be purchased through the Harvard Business Review.
Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A Critical Review of Best Practices Based on Seven Case Studies
Schnitzer, D., Lounsbury, D., Carvallo, J., Deshmukh, R., Apt, J., Kammen, D.
United Nations Foundation
Microgrids have the potential to provide electricity in rural and peri-urban areas. Electricty can increase productivity in these communities as electric pumps supplying clean drinking water replace manual collection of water which is usually unsafe for consumption and time-consuming.
Shaheed, A., Orgill, J., Montgomery, M., Jeuland, M., Brown, J.
This paper highlights factors that contribute to variability in water safety but may not always be recognized. Problems in adequate quality and quantity of water that are often caused by human behavior may contribute to an increased risk of poor health.
Evidence-Based Tailoring of Behavior-Change Campaigns: Increasing Fluoride-Free Water Consumption in Rural Ethiopia with Persuasion
Huber, A., Tobias, R., and Mosler, H-J.
Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing
Two hundred million people worldwide are at risk of developing dental and skeletal fluorosis due to excessive fluoride uptake from their water. Behavior-change campaigns implemented in Ethiopia show interventions are more likely effective if based on evidence and tailored to specific households.
Output-Based Aid for Delivering WASH Services in Vietnam: Ensuring Sustainability and Reaching the Poor
Nguyen, M., Ljung, P., Nguyen, H.
37th WEDC International Conference, Hanoi, Vietnam,
Output-Based Aid (OBA) is used to provide sustainable access to clean water. East Meets West (EMW) - an international NGO - used this aid to successfully complete a WASH project, increasing stakeholder interest in using OBA to help reach WASH goals.
Safe Water Network operates in markets where incomes are insufficient and inflation is rampant, making sustainability of water systems difficult. By using innovative approaches and field-testing all implementations, the organization aims to standardize the model for easy replication and scalability.
Success Factors for Reducing Maternal and Child Mortality
Kuruvilla, S., et al.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Some countries achieve faster progress than other comparable countries in reducing maternal and child mortality, but there is no standard formula. Access to improved water has a high necessity score, indicating improvement in necessary for fast-track progress.