Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Dalberg
Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.

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Success Factors for Reducing Maternal and Child Mortality

Kuruvilla, S., et al.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Jan. 2014

Some countries achieve faster progress than other comparable countries in reducing maternal and child mortality, but there is no standard formula. Access to improved water has a high necessity score, indicating improvement in necessary for fast-track progress.

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Giving Around the Globe

Committee Encouraging Corporate Philanthropy
Jan. 2014

This report is designed to present, explore, and help you and your philanthropy team navigate the regional differences that define our increasingly interconnected world by presenting regional profiles of giving by large companies based in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America.

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Investing in Water and Sanitation: Increasing Access and Reducing Inequalities

UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water
Jan. 2014

Between 1990 and 2012, 2.3 billion people globally gained access to an improved drinking water source. However billions lack access to safe water that is reliably and continuously delivered in sufficient quantities, and 1/3 of the global population lives without basic sanitation facilities. 

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A Post-2015 Global Goal for Water: Synthesis of Key Findings and Recommendations from UN Water

UN Water
Jan. 2014

Water’s fundamental importance for human development, the environment and the economy needs to feature prominently in the new post-2015 development agenda. UN-Water and partners developed suggestions for a dedicated global goal for water, ‘securing sustainable water for all.' 

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The 4Ps of Inclusive Business: How Perseverance, Partnerships, Pilots and Passion Can Lead to Success

Ashley, C., Harrison, T., Schramm, C., and the BIP Implementation team
Business Innovation Facility
Jan. 2014

Two themes emerge for success in inclusive business: companies investing in such business need the right model, but this takes time and innovation; and commercial and social returns are small and variable, but are emerging and expected to grow significantly over the next five years.

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The State of African Cities 2014: Reimagining Sustainable Urban Transitions

UN Habitat
Jan. 2014

Prevailing development concepts applied to Africa’s rapidly expanding urban areas seem incapable of attaining prosperity for all. A radical re-imagination of approaches to urbanism can strengthen positive impacts of the current multiple transitions and improve urban living and working conditions.

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Water Source and Diarrhoeal Disease Risk in Children Under 5 Years Old in Cambodia: A Prospective Diary-Based Study

Hunter, P.R., et al.
BMC Public Health
Dec. 2013

Using data on diarrhoeal disease risk in Cambodian children under 5 years old, this study raises serious concerns about the validity of assuming protected groundwater is safe water for the purposes of assessing MDG targets. Furthermore, the study suggests that water provided by the NGO 1001 Fontaines provides a safer alternative to groundwater or surface water.

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Small Town Water Services: Trends, Challenges and Models

Adank, M
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Dec. 2013

Since 2007, more people live in urban areas than rural areas. Small towns are expected to grow in number making it essential to understand how to equip them with sustainable water services. There is a growing role for the private sector in providing these services, along with the public sector.

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Sustainable Water Services Delivery Project Report

Fisher, M., Lecker, H., Samani, D., and Apoya, P.
Water and Sanitation for Africa, UNC Water Institute, Conrad N. Hilton Foundation
Oct. 2013

The results of this collaborative assessment show approximately 80% of the water points surveyed were functional - the functionality of older water points decreased by 2% per year of age and  systems collecting a tariff were 40% more likely to be functional than those without a tariff.

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Designing Philanthropy for Impact: Giving to the Biggest Gaps in India

Mangaleswaran, R., and Venkataraman, R.
McKinsey & Company
Oct. 2013

"Designing for impact" (before starting interventions) is integral to the dialogue in philanthropy in India. This paper assesses the biggest gaps in philanthropy in India along two dimensions - sectors or causes and modes or types of interventions. Water is identified as a critical gap. 

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