Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Dalberg
Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.

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A Post-2015 Global Goal for Water: Synthesis of Key Findings and Recommendations from UN Water

UN Water
Jan. 2014

Water’s fundamental importance for human development, the environment and the economy needs to feature prominently in the new post-2015 development agenda. UN-Water and partners developed suggestions for a dedicated global goal for water, ‘securing sustainable water for all.' 

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The 4Ps of Inclusive Business: How Perseverance, Partnerships, Pilots and Passion Can Lead to Success

Ashley, C., Harrison, T., Schramm, C., and the BIP Implementation team
Business Innovation Facility
Jan. 2014

Two themes emerge for success in inclusive business: companies investing in such business need the right model, but this takes time and innovation; and commercial and social returns are small and variable, but are emerging and expected to grow significantly over the next five years.

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The State of African Cities 2014: Reimagining Sustainable Urban Transitions

UN Habitat
Jan. 2014

Prevailing development concepts applied to Africa’s rapidly expanding urban areas seem incapable of attaining prosperity for all. A radical re-imagination of approaches to urbanism can strengthen positive impacts of the current multiple transitions and improve urban living and working conditions.

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Intermittent vs. Continuous Water Supply: What Benefits do Households Actually Receive? Evidence from two cities in India

Onda, K.,
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Jan. 2014

This study finds that continuous water supply does not lead to more efficient consumption amongst higher income groups, and frequently leads to more waste across all income groups. Better management will lead to increased accessibility for the poorest and less wastage.

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Chasing for Water': Everyday Practices of Water Access in Peri-Urban Ashaiman, Ghana

Peloso, M., Morinville, C.
Water Alternatives; Vol 7, Issue 1
Jan. 2014

This paper assesses the water access for the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area population. The official water supply system is not sufficient to meet needs, and many households find themselves procuring water from informal suppliers that prove to be more reliable in terms of availability.

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Tapping the Markets: Opportunities for Domestic Investments in Water and Sanitation for the Poor

Sy, J., Warner, R., Jamieson, J.
The World Bank
Jan. 2014

There is a gap in water supply and demand that can be met if governements engage the private sector. The market potential is large, and poor populations are willing to pay for the security of private water services. Their costs and prices can be reduced if scaled, and if policies assist them.

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Evidence-Based Tailoring of Behavior-Change Campaigns: Increasing Fluoride-Free Water Consumption in Rural Ethiopia with Persuasion

Huber, A., Tobias, R., and Mosler, H-J.
Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing
Jan. 2014

Two hundred million people worldwide are at risk of developing dental and skeletal fluorosis due to excessive fluoride uptake from their water. Behavior-change campaigns implemented in Ethiopia show interventions are more likely effective if based on evidence and tailored to specific households.

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Output-Based Aid for Delivering WASH Services in Vietnam: Ensuring Sustainability and Reaching the Poor

Nguyen, M., Ljung, P., Nguyen, H.
37th WEDC International Conference, Hanoi, Vietnam,
Jan. 2014

Output-Based Aid (OBA) is used to provide sustainable access to clean water. East Meets West (EMW) - an international NGO - used this aid to successfully complete a WASH project, increasing stakeholder interest in using OBA to help reach WASH goals.

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Water Source and Diarrhoeal Disease Risk in Children Under 5 Years Old in Cambodia: A Prospective Diary-Based Study

Hunter, P.R., et al.
BMC Public Health
Dec. 2013

Using data on diarrhoeal disease risk in Cambodian children under 5 years old, this study raises serious concerns about the validity of assuming protected groundwater is safe water for the purposes of assessing MDG targets. Furthermore, the study suggests that water provided by the NGO 1001 Fontaines provides a safer alternative to groundwater or surface water.

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Small Town Water Services: Trends, Challenges and Models

Adank, M
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Dec. 2013

Since 2007, more people live in urban areas than rural areas. Small towns are expected to grow in number making it essential to understand how to equip them with sustainable water services. There is a growing role for the private sector in providing these services, along with the public sector.

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