Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.



Partnerships in Urban Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)


Rapid urbanization has put a strain on water and sanitation in urban communities. Through public-private partnerships, USAID aims to strengthen and scale up small water enterprises and sanitation systems to reduce maternal and child deaths from malnutrition and water-borne diseases.

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Benin: Piped Water Supply Systems in Rural and Small Towns

International Finance Corporation
World Bank Group; Water and Sanitation Program; DevCo; Royaume des Pays-Bas

Part of a series providing an overview of public-private partnership stories in various infrastructure sectors, this paper summarizes the steps IFC took as lead transaction advisor to structure, tender, and implement a public-private partnership for ten pilot sites. 

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Journeys for Water: Survival Strategies in Urban India

Bhushan, G., Gupta, N., Fuqua, J.

To understand the value of clean drinking water in India, the report studies the politics, rituals, and practices that exist around drinking water, specifically a slum in Delhi. It also explores existing water delivery systems and the potential of introducing new ones.

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