Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.



Community Safe Water Solutions: India Sector Review

Safe Water Network
Oct. 2014

This report identifies the need for community safe water solutions in rural India, reviews current economic and operating models, operating challenges, and funding scenarios for ensuring sustainability and scale-up, and presents recommendations. 

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TrackFin Initiative: Results from Ghana

Esseku, Harold
UN Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water; WHO
Sep. 2014

The presentation gives an overview of the WASH sector and how it is financed in Ghana. Total expenditure for WASH has increased, and 70% of this is allocated towards urban water. There is a need for greater involvement of senior government, and improved data tracking.

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Impact Investment: The Invisible Heart of Markets

Social Impact Investment Taskforce
Sep. 2014

By bringing a third dimension, impact, to the 20th century capital market dimensions of risk and return, impact investing has the potential to transform our ability to build a better society for all. Recommendations are addressed to a wide range of actors that can help to grow impact investment.

Accountability in WASH: Explaining the Concept

Jimenez, A., Kjellen, M., Deunff, L.
UNICEF; UNDP; Water Governance Facility; SIWI
Sep. 2014

Universal access to WASH is inhibited by lack of sustainability in most programs/projects. Poor governance, lack of accountability, and corruption exacerbates the problem, and more focus should be put on accountability and enhanced governance to improve the systems.

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Assessing the Impact of Drinking Water and Sanitation on Diarrhoeal Disease in Low- and Middle-Income Settings: Systematic Review and Meta-Regression

Wolf et al.
Tropical Medicine and International Health
Aug. 2014

Results show there are notable differences in illness reduction according to the type of improved water and sanitation implemented. Evidence from well-conducted intervention studies assessing exclusive use of adequate access and supply of safe water is still very limited.

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Burden of Disease from Inadequate Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Low- and Middle-Income Settings: A Retrospective Analysis of Data from 145 Countries

Prüss-Üstün et al.
Tropical Medicine and International Health
Aug. 2014

This study confırms the importance of improving water and sanitation in low- and middle-income settings for the prevention of diarrhoeal disease burden, and underscores the need for better data on exposure and risk reductions that can be achieved with provision of reliable piped water. 

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Comparison and Cost Analysis of Drinking Water Quality Monitoring Requirements versus Practice in Seven Developing Countries

Crocker, J., and Bartram, J.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jul. 2014

This is the first study to look quantitatively at water quality monitoring practices in multiple developing countries. There is potential for substantive optimization of monitoring programs with field-based testing and by fundamentally reconsidering monitoring approaches for non-piped supplies. 

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A Comparative Study of Fluoride and Other Water Quality Parameters of Borewell Water of Nalgonda Town of Telangana, India

Garimella, S., Merugu, R.
International Journal of Water Research
Jul. 2014

Several borewells in Nalgonda Town in India were tested for levels of fluoride, chlorine, nitrate, nitrites, ammonium, total dissolved salts, and total hardness. Results show that most of these borewells have more than acceptable levels of these contaminants.

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How to Spend a Penny: 10 Lessons from Funding Market-Based Approaches in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Stone Family Foundation
Jun. 2014

The Stone Family Foundation focuses its funding on innovative and entrepreneurial initiatives that have the potential to offer long-term, sustainable solutions. Here, the Foundation highlights ten lessons learned since its inception in 2010. 

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Private Capital as a Public Good: How Smart Federal Policy Can Galvanize Impact Investing - and Why It's Urgent

US National Advisory Board on Impact Investing
Jun. 2014

Massive scale in impact investing will require more intentional and proactive partnership between government and the private sector. This report highlights strategies for partnership to unleash new capital, talent, and energy for social, economic, and environmental good.

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