This Resource Center curates the growing number of publications and resources that highlight the effectiveness of small water enterprises. This is a step toward building a community of practice that harnesses the know-how, market knowledge, and resources needed to improve and scale small water enterprises globally. We value the sharing of information, and invite you to e-mail us with any materials you believe will be helpful to others.
Microbiological Contamination of Drinking Water Associated with Subsequent Child Diarrhea
Luby, S., Halder, A., Huda, T., Unicomb, L., Islam, M., Arnold, B., Johnston, R.
The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Vol. 93 904-911
The study assesses the relationship between microbiological contamination of drinking water and incidence of child diarrhea. Increase in E.coli contamination shows an increase in prevalence of child diarrhea, showing the importance of improved microbiological quality of drinking water for health.
Analysis of Accessibility to Water Supply and Sanitation Services in the Awutu-Senya East Municipality, Ghana
Peprah, C., Oduro-Ofori, E., Asante-Wusu, I.
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology,
Awutu-Senya East Municipality receives the majority of their water from private suppliers, and some from public systems. Most of this water is salty, and contaminated. Private suppliers have unregulated prices. Additionally, sanitation is poor across the municipality with no regulation.
It is very difficult to assess what contributes the largest burden to diarrhea: food-borne, water-borne, or other transmission routes. Incidence of diarrhea and water quality in the house were assessed, and concluded that water is not the largest contributor to diarrhea.
Interventions to Improve Water Quality for Preventing Diarrhea (Review)
Arienzo, A., Sobze, M., Wadoum, R., Losito, F., Colizzi, V., Antonini, G.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
This study tests the effectiveness of the microbiological survey for accuracy in testing the microbiological quality of water. The evaluation of total coliforms in 1mL of water was used as a parameter. Field tests were done in Cameroon in different wells, confirming MBS as an accurate measure.