Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Dalberg
Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.

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Accessing Water for Domestic Use: The Challenges Faced in the GA West Municipality, Ghana

Adjakloe, Y.
International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research; Vol 2, Issue 2, 78-91
Apr. 2014

This paper looks at the challenges to water access in the Ga West Municipality located in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. The results show the major challenges are distance from home to water source, expensive cost of water, and the mode of transportation.

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Beyond the Pipe: Pathway to Local Sustainability

Safe Water Network
Mar. 2014

This note presents an overview of Safe Water Network's conclusions to date on local ownership and management of community water systems. Topics include clustering of water stations for shared oversight and support systems; public-private partnerships; financing solutions; and system technologies.  

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Hunter et al.
PLoS ONE
Mar. 2014

There appears to be a strong association between providing free safe drinking water and reduced absenteeism, though only in the dry season. The mechanism for this association is not clear but may in part be due to improved hydration leading to improved school experience for the children.

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Hunter, P.R., et al.
PLOS ONE
Mar. 2014

This study looks at the role drinking water provision plays in reducing school absenteeism in developing countries. Conducted in Cambodia, this research considers the association between absenteeism and the provision of containers of treated water in schools.

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

Hunter, P., Risebro, H., Yen, M., Lefebvre, H., Lo, C., Hartemann, P., Longuet, C., Jaquenoud, F.
PLOS ONE, Vol 9, Issue 3
Mar. 2014

This study undertakes the theory that clean water access in school will prevent absenteeism in Cambodia. There was a strong association between provision of safe water delivery and absenteeism. However, the reason for the association is not evident.

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Framework for Assessing and Monitoring Rural and Small Town Water Supply Services in Ghana

Community Water and Sanitation Agency
National Community Water and Sanitation Programme
Mar. 2014

This document presents a list of indicators developed to monitor and evaluate rural and small town water supply service levels, functionality, and performance in Ghana. It also provides the data that needs to be collected in order to assess the indicators.

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Towards a Sustainable Allocation of Potable Water in Ghana: Evidence from Kumasi

Quartey, J.
International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, Vol 2, 1-10
Mar. 2014

With growing population and urbanization, there is a lot of time and productivity lost due to time-consuming, labor-intensive, and counter-productive methods to collect water. An efficient water distribution system will reduce time wasted and thus have immense economic and social benefits.

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Factors Contributing to Child Mortality Reductions in 142 Low- and Middle-Income Countries between 1990 and 2010

Bishai et al.
Population Association of America
Mar. 2014

Since 1990, child mortality has declined by 41% worldwide, due  primarily to changes in levels of health determinants, more than changes in their efficacy or impact. The rise in access to clean water accounted for about 15% of observed child mortality decline.

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Safe Water Network in India

Neena Sondhi, Sajjan Raj Singhvi
Harvard Business Review
Feb. 2014

This sales and marketing case study published in the Harvard Business Review considers Safe Water Network's efforts in Nizampally, India to: customize demand-driven solutions for the specific water-related issues of the region; gain support from prominent Indian and international companies; and ensure economic sustainability, which required active local participation and ownership. Note: document must be purchased through the Harvard Business Review. 

Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A Critical Review of Best Practices Based on Seven Case Studies

Schnitzer, D., Lounsbury, D., Carvallo, J., Deshmukh, R., Apt, J., Kammen, D.
United Nations Foundation
Feb. 2014

Microgrids have the potential to provide electricity in rural and peri-urban areas. Electricty can increase productivity in these communities as electric pumps supplying clean drinking water replace manual collection of water which is usually unsafe for consumption and time-consuming.

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