This Resource Center curates the growing number of publications and resources that highlight the effectiveness of small water enterprises. This is a step toward building a community of practice that harnesses the know-how, market knowledge, and resources needed to improve and scale small water enterprises globally. We value the sharing of information, and invite you to e-mail us with any materials you believe will be helpful to others.
The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale
Dalberg Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.
Impact of Water-Vending Kiosks and Hygiene Education on Household Drinking Water Quality in Rural Ghana
Opryszko, Y., MacDonald, L., MacDonald, L., Kiihl, S., Schwab, K.
The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene; Vol 88, 651-660
This study assesses a for-profit water-vending kiosk organization in rural Ghana to determine the quality of household drinking water. Surface water is treated with filtration and UV light disinfection. Results showed the water to be of improved quality versus untreated surface water.
Water Source and Diarrhoeal Disease Risk in Children Under 5 Years Old in Cambodia: A Prospective Diary Based Study
Hunter et al.
BMC Public Health
This study suggests that water from “1001 fontaines pour demain,” which supports water entrepreneurs in communities to build water treatment and distribution businesses, provides a safer alternative to groundwater or surface water, and raises concerns about assumptions on the safety of groundwater.
Development Financing for Tangible Results: A Paradigm Shift to Impact Investing and Outcome Models - The Case of Sanitation in Asia
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP)
Public budgets are getting tighter, and there is a greater need for the private sector to intervene and add to financing and delivery of sanitation services. This report focuses on how to mobilize and scale the expertise of the corporate sector.
The Joint Effects of Efficacy and Compliance: A Study of Household Water Treatment Effectiveness Against Childhood Diarrhea
Enger, K., Nelson, K., Rose, J., Eisenberg, J.
The effectiveness of household water treatment on preventing diarrhea is dependent on efficacy and whether the treatment is done properly each time to the drinking water. Without perfect compliance, the water remains contaminated and incidence of diarrhea does not decrease.
Evaluating the Sustained Health Impact of Household Chlorination of Drinking Water in Rural Haiti
Harshfield, E., Lantagne, D., Turbes, A., and Null, C.
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
An evaluation of the long-term Jolivert Safe Water for Families program in Haiti showed diarrheal disease reduction was comparable with that seen in short-term randomized, controlled interventions, suggesting that household chlorination can be an effective long-term water treatment strategy.
Decentralized Safe Water Kiosks: Working Toward a Sustainable Model in Ghana
Safe Water Network
This report details the specific challenges Safe Water Network faced in Ghana since 2009, when it set out to demonstrate whether locally-owned, decentralized safe water systems could meet demand for safe water in Ghana on a sustainable basis. It also identifies the next set of priorities.
Accelerating Impact: Achievements, Challenges and What's Next in Building the Impact Investing Industry
E.T. Jackson and Associates Ltd
A scan of the evolution of the impact investment worldwide, informed by interviews with more than 100 impact investors from 11 countries, shows the industry remains in the market-building phase but could evolve to the next phase in which stakeholders fully capture the value of the marketplace.
Achieving Financial Sustainability and Recovering Costs in Bank Financed Water Supply and Sanitation and Irrigation Projects
McPhail, A., Locussol, A., Perry, Chris.
Water Partnership Project
Difficulty in making water systems financially sustainable causes inability to maintain infrastructure, leading to poor service, and hence increased unwillingness of consumer to pay for service. This cycle is one of many reasons for poor financial sustainability.
Public-Private Partnerships for Rural Water Services
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Well-designed rural water PPPs have shown some success in countries with civil law but proof that this model will deliver sustainable rural water supplies at scale, however, awaits more data on long-term costs, profitability, and performance.
Financing Small-Scale Infrastructure Investments in Developing Countries
Bond, D., Platz, D., and Magnusson, M.
UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs
In developing countries a shortage of long-term, local-currency financing for small-scale infrastructure projects impedes local economic development. Project finance attracts financing from domestic banks and institutional investors. Donors can provide technical assistance and credit enhancement.