Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Dalberg
Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.

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A Comparative Study of Fluoride and Other Water Quality Parameters of Borewell Water of Nalgonda Town of Telangana, India

Garimella, S., Merugu, R.
International Journal of Water Research
Jul. 2014

Several borewells in Nalgonda Town in India were tested for levels of fluoride, chlorine, nitrate, nitrites, ammonium, total dissolved salts, and total hardness. Results show that most of these borewells have more than acceptable levels of these contaminants.

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Private Capital as a Public Good: How Smart Federal Policy Can Galvanize Impact Investing - and Why It's Urgent

US National Advisory Board on Impact Investing
Jun. 2014

Massive scale in impact investing will require more intentional and proactive partnership between government and the private sector. This report highlights strategies for partnership to unleash new capital, talent, and energy for social, economic, and environmental good.

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How to Spend a Penny: 10 Lessons from Funding Market-Based Approached in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Stone Family Foundation
Jun. 2014

The Stone Family Foundation focuses its funding on innovative and entrepreneurial initiatives that have the potential to offer long-term, sustainable solutions. Here, the Foundation highlights ten lessons learned since its inception in 2010. 

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Water on an Urban Planet: Urbanization and the Reach of Urban Water Infrastructure

McDonald, R., et al.
Global Enviornmental Change
Apr. 2014

The first global survey of the large cities’ water sources shows that previous global hydrologic models that ignored urban water infrastructure significantly overestimated urban water stress. However,  one in four cities remain water stressed due to geographical and financial limitations.

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Accessing Water for Domestic Use: The Challenges Faced in the GA West Municipality, Ghana

Adjakloe, Y.
International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research; Vol 2, Issue 2, 78-91
Apr. 2014

This paper looks at the challenges to water access in the Ga West Municipality located in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. The results show the major challenges are distance from home to water source, expensive cost of water, and the mode of transportation.

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Beyond the Pipe: Pathway to Local Sustainability

Safe Water Network
Mar. 2014

This note presents an overview of Safe Water Network's conclusions to date on local ownership and management of community water systems. Topics include clustering of water stations for shared oversight and support systems; public-private partnerships; financing solutions; and system technologies.  

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Hunter et al.
PLoS ONE
Mar. 2014

There appears to be a strong association between providing free safe drinking water and reduced absenteeism, though only in the dry season. The mechanism for this association is not clear but may in part be due to improved hydration leading to improved school experience for the children.

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Hunter, P.R., et al.
PLOS ONE
Mar. 2014

This study looks at the role drinking water provision plays in reducing school absenteeism in developing countries. Conducted in Cambodia, this research considers the association between absenteeism and the provision of containers of treated water in schools.

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Impact of the Provision of Safe Drinking Water on School Absence Rates in Cambodia: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

Hunter, P., Risebro, H., Yen, M., Lefebvre, H., Lo, C., Hartemann, P., Longuet, C., Jaquenoud, F.
PLOS ONE, Vol 9, Issue 3
Mar. 2014

This study undertakes the theory that clean water access in school will prevent absenteeism in Cambodia. There was a strong association between provision of safe water delivery and absenteeism. However, the reason for the association is not evident.

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Factors Contributing to Child Mortality Reductions in 142 Low- and Middle-Income Countries between 1990 and 2010

Bishai et al.
Population Association of America
Mar. 2014

Since 1990, child mortality has declined by 41% worldwide, due  primarily to changes in levels of health determinants, more than changes in their efficacy or impact. The rise in access to clean water accounted for about 15% of observed child mortality decline.

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