Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Dalberg
Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.

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Towards a Sustainable Allocation of Potable Water in Ghana: Evidence from Kumasi

Quartey, J.
International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, Vol 2, 1-10
Mar. 2014

With growing population and urbanization, there is a lot of time and productivity lost due to time-consuming, labor-intensive, and counter-productive methods to collect water. An efficient water distribution system will reduce time wasted and thus have immense economic and social benefits.

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Factors Contributing to Child Mortality Reductions in 142 Low- and Middle-Income Countries between 1990 and 2010

Bishai et al.
Population Association of America
Mar. 2014

Since 1990, child mortality has declined by 41% worldwide, due  primarily to changes in levels of health determinants, more than changes in their efficacy or impact. The rise in access to clean water accounted for about 15% of observed child mortality decline.

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Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A Critical Review of Best Practices Based on Seven Case Studies

Schnitzer, D., Lounsbury, D., Carvallo, J., Deshmukh, R., Apt, J., Kammen, D.
United Nations Foundation
Feb. 2014

Microgrids have the potential to provide electricity in rural and peri-urban areas. Electricty can increase productivity in these communities as electric pumps supplying clean drinking water replace manual collection of water which is usually unsafe for consumption and time-consuming.

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Why “Improved” Water Sources are not Always Safe

Shaheed, A., Orgill, J., Montgomery, M., Jeuland, M., Brown, J.
WHO
Jan. 2014

This paper highlights factors that contribute to variability in water safety but may not always be recognized. Problems in adequate quality and quantity of water that are often caused by human behavior may contribute to an increased risk of poor health. 

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Evidence-Based Tailoring of Behavior-Change Campaigns: Increasing Fluoride-Free Water Consumption in Rural Ethiopia with Persuasion

Huber, A., Tobias, R., and Mosler, H-J.
Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing
Jan. 2014

Two hundred million people worldwide are at risk of developing dental and skeletal fluorosis due to excessive fluoride uptake from their water. Behavior-change campaigns implemented in Ethiopia show interventions are more likely effective if based on evidence and tailored to specific households.

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Output-Based Aid for Delivering WASH Services in Vietnam: Ensuring Sustainability and Reaching the Poor

Nguyen, M., Ljung, P., Nguyen, H.
37th WEDC International Conference, Hanoi, Vietnam,
Jan. 2014

Output-Based Aid (OBA) is used to provide sustainable access to clean water. East Meets West (EMW) - an international NGO - used this aid to successfully complete a WASH project, increasing stakeholder interest in using OBA to help reach WASH goals.

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Safe Water Network: Progress Report 2014

Safe Water Network
Jan. 2014

Safe Water Network operates in markets where incomes are insufficient and inflation is rampant, making sustainability of water systems difficult. By using innovative approaches and field-testing all implementations, the organization aims to standardize the model for easy replication and scalability.

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Success Factors for Reducing Maternal and Child Mortality

Kuruvilla, S., et al.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Jan. 2014

Some countries achieve faster progress than other comparable countries in reducing maternal and child mortality, but there is no standard formula. Access to improved water has a high necessity score, indicating improvement in necessary for fast-track progress.

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Giving Around the Globe

Committee Encouraging Corporate Philanthropy
Jan. 2014

This report is designed to present, explore, and help you and your philanthropy team navigate the regional differences that define our increasingly interconnected world by presenting regional profiles of giving by large companies based in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America.

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Investing in Water and Sanitation: Increasing Access and Reducing Inequalities

UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water
Jan. 2014

Between 1990 and 2012, 2.3 billion people globally gained access to an improved drinking water source. However billions lack access to safe water that is reliably and continuously delivered in sufficient quantities, and 1/3 of the global population lives without basic sanitation facilities. 

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