This Resource Center curates the growing number of publications and resources that highlight the effectiveness of small water enterprises. This is a step toward building a community of practice that harnesses the know-how, market knowledge, and resources needed to improve and scale small water enterprises globally. We value the sharing of information, and invite you to e-mail us with any materials you believe will be helpful to others.
The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale
Dalberg Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.
This sales and marketing case study published in the Harvard Business Review considers Safe Water Network's efforts in Nizampally, India to: customize demand-driven solutions for the specific water-related issues of the region; gain support from prominent Indian and international companies; and ensure economic sustainability, which required active local participation and ownership. Note: document must be purchased through the Harvard Business Review.
Microgrids for Rural Electrification: A Critical Review of Best Practices Based on Seven Case Studies
Schnitzer, D., Lounsbury, D., Carvallo, J., Deshmukh, R., Apt, J., Kammen, D.
United Nations Foundation
Microgrids have the potential to provide electricity in rural and peri-urban areas. Electricty can increase productivity in these communities as electric pumps supplying clean drinking water replace manual collection of water which is usually unsafe for consumption and time-consuming.
Shaheed, A., Orgill, J., Montgomery, M., Jeuland, M., Brown, J.
This paper highlights factors that contribute to variability in water safety but may not always be recognized. Problems in adequate quality and quantity of water that are often caused by human behavior may contribute to an increased risk of poor health.
The State of African Cities 2014: Reimagining Sustainable Urban Transitions
Prevailing development concepts applied to Africa’s rapidly expanding urban areas seem incapable of attaining prosperity for all. A radical re-imagination of approaches to urbanism can strengthen positive impacts of the current multiple transitions and improve urban living and working conditions.
Intermittent vs. Continuous Water Supply: What Benefits do Households Actually Receive? Evidence from two cities in India
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
This study finds that continuous water supply does not lead to more efficient consumption amongst higher income groups, and frequently leads to more waste across all income groups. Better management will lead to increased accessibility for the poorest and less wastage.
Chasing for Water': Everyday Practices of Water Access in Peri-Urban Ashaiman, Ghana
Peloso, M., Morinville, C.
Water Alternatives; Vol 7, Issue 1
This paper assesses the water access for the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area population. The official water supply system is not sufficient to meet needs, and many households find themselves procuring water from informal suppliers that prove to be more reliable in terms of availability.
Tapping the Markets: Opportunities for Domestic Investments in Water and Sanitation for the Poor
Sy, J., Warner, R., Jamieson, J.
The World Bank
There is a gap in water supply and demand that can be met if governements engage the private sector. The market potential is large, and poor populations are willing to pay for the security of private water services. Their costs and prices can be reduced if scaled, and if policies assist them.
Evidence-Based Tailoring of Behavior-Change Campaigns: Increasing Fluoride-Free Water Consumption in Rural Ethiopia with Persuasion
Huber, A., Tobias, R., and Mosler, H-J.
Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing
Two hundred million people worldwide are at risk of developing dental and skeletal fluorosis due to excessive fluoride uptake from their water. Behavior-change campaigns implemented in Ethiopia show interventions are more likely effective if based on evidence and tailored to specific households.
Output-Based Aid for Delivering WASH Services in Vietnam: Ensuring Sustainability and Reaching the Poor
Nguyen, M., Ljung, P., Nguyen, H.
37th WEDC International Conference, Hanoi, Vietnam,
Output-Based Aid (OBA) is used to provide sustainable access to clean water. East Meets West (EMW) - an international NGO - used this aid to successfully complete a WASH project, increasing stakeholder interest in using OBA to help reach WASH goals.
Safe Water Network operates in markets where incomes are insufficient and inflation is rampant, making sustainability of water systems difficult. By using innovative approaches and field-testing all implementations, the organization aims to standardize the model for easy replication and scalability.