This Resource Center curates the growing number of publications and resources that highlight the effectiveness of small water enterprises. This is a step toward building a community of practice that harnesses the know-how, market knowledge, and resources needed to improve and scale small water enterprises globally. We value the sharing of information, and invite you to e-mail us with any materials you believe will be helpful to others.
The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale
Dalberg Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.
A Brief Review of Groundwater for Rural Water Supply in Sub-Saharan Africa
MacDonald, A., Davies, J.
British Geological Survey; DFID
Groundwater is the most reliable water source in rural sub-Saharan Africa. There are four main hydrogeological environments in this region. However, due to the chemical composition of these environments, they are not always fit for human consumption.
Small-Scale Entrepreneurs in the Urban Water and Sanitation Market
Small-scale enterprises such as NGOs and private suppliers have been really succesful in providing water and sanitation services to marginalized communities. By improving public policy, these organizations can be united to decrease inefficient competition and improve supply quality and quantity.
Master Plan - Five Year Strategic Plan 2013-2017: Ghana Neglected Tropical Diseases Programme
Ghana Health Service
Ghana has a number of endemic neglected tropical diseases and the government has initiated a 5 year financing and delivery plan which includes improved water and sanitation supply. The aim is to prevent, control, and eliminate the NTDs by 2020.
The Byrraju Foundation has compiled a toolkit of steps and phases in the development of a drinking water initiative, based off experience in establishing 31 drinking water plants in India. Communities are willing to contribute to capital cost, charging INR 1.50 for 12 liters.
A Study on Risk Assessment of Domestic Roof Water Harvesting Project in Churu District of Rajasthan Using Failure Mode and Effects Analysis Framework
Chaudhary, M., Sadhu, G., and Tripathi, M.
Safe Water Network; Institute of Health Management Research
Results of a failure mode and effects analysis provide recommendations for responsible implementation of domestic roof water harvesting systems. Risk factors include: situation near a septic tank; construction material; inability of beneficiaries to repay loan; and contaminated water.
‘Slippage’: The Bane of Drinking Water and Sanitation Sector (A Study of Extent and Causes in Rural Andhra Pradesh)
Reddy, V., Rammohan Rao, M., Venkataswamy, M.
This paper assesses the reasons why service delivery of water and sanitation frequently fails, known as "slippage." Slippage in some states of India is as high as 60%, and there is evidence that stronger policy can reduce this issue and increase water security.
Frontier Capital: Early Stage Investing for Financial Returns and Social Impact in Emerging Markets
Bannick, M., Goldman, P., and Kubzansky, M.
Low- and lower-middle income populations have huge unmet needs and face quite a bit of instability - challenges that can be addressed by innovative business models. Companies serving this demographic represent an under-tapped opportunity both for financial returns and for outsized impact.
Bosch, C., Hommann, K., Rubio, G., Sadoff, C., Travers, L.
This chapter describes how adequate water and sanitation resources can reduce poverty. It recommends improving policy such that private sector social enterprises can thrive. For public-operated services, increasing standards to those recognized internationally is recommended.
Partnerships in Urban Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)
Rapid urbanization has put a strain on water and sanitation in urban communities. Through public-private partnerships, USAID aims to strengthen and scale up small water enterprises and sanitation systems to reduce maternal and child deaths from malnutrition and water-borne diseases.
Benin: Piped Water Supply Systems in Rural and Small Towns
International Finance Corporation
World Bank Group; Water and Sanitation Program; DevCo; Royaume des Pays-Bas
Part of a series providing an overview of public-private partnership stories in various infrastructure sectors, this paper summarizes the steps IFC took as lead transaction advisor to structure, tender, and implement a public-private partnership for ten pilot sites.