Water Essentials

The Untapped Potential of Decentralized Solutions to Provide Safe, Sustainable Drinking Water at Large Scale

Jan. 2017
This report argues that new approaches are needed to achieve the U.N. Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030. Through the analysis of 14 different small water enterprises, the report uncovers bottlenecks to scale and sustainability.



Investing to Overcome the Global Impact of Neglected Tropical Diseases: Third WHO Report on Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Jan. 2015

WHO recommends an integrated approach to reduce neglected tropical diseases, and safe water and sanitation are part of that approach. NTDs are disproportionately influenced by environmental determinants of health such as water. Chronic NTD conditions are worsened by lack of sufficient clean water.

PDF icon Download PDF (4.85 MB)

Poverty Reduction in Ghana: Progress and Challenges

Molini, V., Paci, Pierella, P.
World Bank Group
Jan. 2015

Ghana has seen rapid GDP growth rate since 2000, stabilizing at 6% in 2006. This is the highest grown rate in sub-Saharan Africa. As a result, there is an increase in access to electricity, sanitation, and clean water even amongst the poor. 71.3% of poor households receive protected water.

PDF icon Download PDF (3.7 MB)

Fluoride Consumption in Endemic Villages of India and Its Remedial Measures

Saxena, KL (Dr)., and Seweak, R.
International Journal of Engineering Science Invention
Jan. 2015

The total ingestion of fluoride is over 1 mg/capita/day from food and tea leaving very little to be ingested from drinking water. It is suggested that the fluoride level per BIS 10500 be reviewed downwards considering the ever increasing fluoride-affected regions in India.

PDF icon Download PDF (926.86 KB)

Off-Grid Business Models: the Business Case for Off-Grid Energy in India

The Climate Group
Jan. 2015
PDF icon Download PDF (2.77 MB)

TrackFin Initiative: Tracking Financing to Drinking Water- Sanitation and Hygiene.

UN Water; WHO
Jan. 2015

TrackFin Initiative tests a globally accepted method to track financing for the WASH sector at a national level. Initial findings have revealed that no such system exists outside this group, and that countries are interested in tracking the finances of this sector. 

PDF icon Download PDF (1.66 MB)

Benefits and Costs of the Water Sanitation and Hygiene Targets for the Post-2015 Development Agenda

Hutton, Guy
Copenhagen Consensus Center
Jan. 2015

The benefit-cost ratio for basic water supply varies across regions, with global ratios of 3.4 in urban areas and 6.8 in rural areas. Ratios are in general higher for poorer populations. The economic value is due to saved access time, health care, health-related productivity and averted mortality. 

PDF icon Download PDF (1.52 MB)

Benin – Innovative Public Private Partnerships for Rural Water Services Sustainability: A Case Study

Sylvain Adokpo Migan with Tremolet Consulting
Water and Sanitation Program; International Finance Corporation; World Bank Group
Jan. 2015

Benin developed an arrangement for service provision that can move rural water supply along the path towards sustainability. This case study provides evidence of the possibilities for attracting private sector engagement in piped rural water systems, and identifies  sustainability challenges.

PDF icon Download PDF (1.61 MB)

Water Sector Harmonization and Alignment Study: Assessment of Sector Partnerships in Ghana

Duti, V., Gyasi, K., Kabuga, C., and Korboe, D.
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre
Dec. 2014

The study assesses the cohesiveness of water sector partnerships in Ghana, with the view to fostering greater consensus around sector management and improving donor alignment with national systems and procedures. It lays out recommendations for government, donors and civil society.

PDF icon Download PDF (3.83 MB)

Community Safe Water Solutions: India Sector Review

Safe Water Network
Oct. 2014

This report identifies the need for community safe water solutions in rural India, reviews current economic and operating models, operating challenges, and funding scenarios for ensuring sustainability and scale-up, and presents recommendations. 

PDF icon Download PDF (2.35 MB)

TrackFin Initiative: Results from Ghana

Esseku, Harold
UN Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water; WHO
Sep. 2014

The presentation gives an overview of the WASH sector and how it is financed in Ghana. Total expenditure for WASH has increased, and 70% of this is allocated towards urban water. There is a need for greater involvement of senior government, and improved data tracking.

PDF icon Download PDF (725.22 KB)